Banarasi sari - Wiki | Banaras Silk | Banarasi Silk Sarees | Buy Banarasi Silk |Banarasi sarees Online Shopping | - Kasturi Silk Sarees

Banarasi sari - Wiki | Banaras Silk | Banarasi Silk Sarees | Buy Banarasi Silk |Banarasi sarees Online Shopping |

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 (1583–91) describes Banaras as a thriving sector of the cotton textile industry. The earliest mention of the brocade and Zaritextiles of Banaras is found in the 19th century. With the migration of silk weavers from Gujarat during the famine of 1603, it is likely that silk brocade weaving started in Banaras in the seventeenth century and developed in excellence during the 18th and 19th century. During the Mughal period, around 14th century, weaving of brocades with intricate designs using gold and silver threads became the specialty of Banaras.[
The traditional Banarasi saree is done with lot of hard work and skillful work using the silk.The saree making is a cottage industry for about 1.2 million people associated directly or indirectly with the hand loom silk industry of the region around Varanasi encompassing GorakhpurChandauliBhadohiJaunpur and Azamgarh districts.
A  Banarasi saree is a saree made in Varanasi, a city which is also called Benares or Banaras. The sarees are among the finest sarees in India and are known for their gold and silver brocade or zari, fine silk and opulent embroidery. The sarees are made of finely woven silk and are decorated with intricate design, and, because of these engravings, are relatively heavy.
Their special characteristics are Mughal inspired designs such as intricate intertwining floral and foliate motifs, kalga and bel, a string of upright leaves called jhallar at the outer, edge of border is a characteristic of these sarees. Other features are gold work, compact weaving, figures with small details, metallic visual effects, pallus, jal (a net like pattern), and mina work.
The sarees are often part of an Indian bride's trousseau.
Depending on the intricacy of its designs and patterns, a saree can take from 15 days to a month and sometimes up to six months to complete. Banarasi sarees are mostly worn by Indian women on important occasions such as when attending a wedding and are expected to be complemented by the woman's best jewelry.

Environmental concern
Since a large number of silk dyeing units in the trade use chemical dyes, which cause pollution in the Ganges River, a move is on to shift to natural dyes. A research team from the Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (IIT-BHU) used the technique of solvent extraction and enzymatic extraction to develop natural colours from plants, flowers and fruits including accaccia, butia (palash), madder, marigold and pomegranate (anar) 

Threat to traditional Sari weavers

The increasingly errant and erratic electric power supply, which leads to the electric powered looms sitting idle for greater parts of the day, has made it difficult for the weavers to complete the saris in short time; consequently their earnings are affected. Also, increasing quantities of look-alike Banarasi sarees are flooding the market. These saris are mass-produced in China on massive looms and therefore retail at very low prices.

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